Each answer must be atleast 200 words.
1. What are the intellectual standards of critical thinking? How can we use these intellectual standards to assess our own reasoning? For this question, first list and explain the intellectual standards for critical thinking, and then explain how each element of reason can be evaluated according to one or more of the intellectual standards.
2. What we think about and the decisions we make based on those thoughts directly affect the outcome of our immediate and future goals. Make a list of your top five goals as a student. Then list five things you spend most of your time thinking about.
Does your thinking correspond to your stated goals?
If not, in what ways can you adjust your thinking in order to help you work toward meeting your goals?
3. Define egocentric thinking. What are the emotional responses to unsuccessful egocentric thinking?
How can the elements of reasoning help us overcome egocentric thinking?
4. Journal: Paul and Elder recommend completing a journal and analyzing the answers. Therefore, answer the following questions each week and record how your thought process is developing:
When did I do my worst thinking today?
When do I do my best thinking?
What did I actually think about today?
Did I figure out anything?
Did I allow any negative thinking to frustrate me unnecessarily?
If I had to repeat today, what would I do differently? Why?
Did I do anything today to further my long-term goals?
If I were to spend every day this way for 10 years, at the end, would I have accomplished something worthy of that time?